Republic of Armenia
Name: Armenia, officially the Republic of Armenia
Area: 29,743 square kilometres, located between the Black and Caspian Seas, the country is bordered on the north and east by Georgia and Azerbaijan, and on the south and west by Iran and Turkey.
Population: The population of Armenia, according to estimates for 2015, amounts to 2,974,693 people, in the worldwide over 11 million.
Capital city: Yerevan
Flag: The national flag of Armenia - the Armenian Tricolour consists of three horizontal bands of equal width, red on the top, blue in the middle, and orange (also described as "colour of apricot") on the bottom.
Language: The national language of Armenia is Armenian. But the most of the population also speaks Russian and could be considered as de facto second language. English is also considered by the younger generation as a second language, but in any case if a tourist asks something he will be understood and told the right direction.
Religion: The predominant religion in Armenia is Christianity. 94% of the population are followers of the Armenian Apostolic Church. Armenia was the first nation to adopt Christianity as a state religion, an event traditionally dated to AD 301.
Government: The Republic of Armenia is a unitary, independent, multi-party, democratic nation-state with an ancient cultural heritage.
Currency: Armenian Dram (AMD). Coins in denominations of 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 500 and banknotes in denominations of 1000, 5000, 10 000, 20 000, 50 000 and 100 000 drams are in circulation.
Internet domain: .am
Calling code: +374
Climate: The climate in Armenia is markedly continental. Summers are dry and sunny, lasting from June to mid-September. The temperature fluctuates between 22 and 36 °C (72 and 97 °F). However, the low humidity level mitigates the effect of high temperatures. Evening breezes blowing down the mountains provide a welcome refreshing and cooling effect. Springs are short, while autumns are long. Autumns are known for their vibrant and colorful foliage. Winters are quite cold with plenty of snow, with temperatures ranging between −10 and −5 °C (14 and 23 °F). Winter sports enthusiasts enjoy skiing down the hills of Tsakhkadzor, located thirty minutes outside Yerevan. Lake Sevan, nestled up in the Armenian highlands, is the second largest lake in the world relative to its altitude, at 1,900 metres (6,234 ft) above sea level.